The 2nd International Symposium
  on Transportation Soil Engineering
     in Cold Regions

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Visiting Opera and Ballet Theatre

Home of Opera and Ballet, the State Academic Theatre, is the largest in Europe. Opened in 1945, only three days after gaining our glorious victory over the fascist Germany, the building wowed the passers-by with its striking pillared frontage. The interior is no less magnificent with its auditorium housing 1,774 seats underneath the huge dome decorated with the unique custom chandelier weighing two tons. The diameter of this crystal wonder is about six metres.

 

The unique roof structure was designed in accordance with the architectural ideas of Pyotr L. Pasternak. The dome diameter of Pasternak’s masterpiece is 60 m, and its height reaches 35 m. It was for the first time in European building experience when the dome was erected without buttresses and trusses. The dome covering slabs are three times thinner as compared to eggshell when measured against their diameters. Thousands scale like silvery steel plates cover the dome surface. The design of the Theater Building was awarded the grand prize at the World Fair in Paris in 1937

 

 

 

The active area of the main stage, equal to 1,044 m², may accommodate up to one thousand people. Time and again stage directors turn to advantage the stage spaciousness for crowd and battle scenes of their performances.

 

The theatre also houses the concert hall with 375 seats and twelve backstage units.

 

 

The State Academic Theatre of Opera and Ballet is often called the Siberian Coliseum catching a likeness of its Major auditorium with an antique amphitheater. Sixteen exact copies of beautiful sculptures of antique gods and goddesses look at the deep stage and ample orchestra pit from their hovels in the auditorium upper gallery. The auditorium ceiling, made of pressboard, creates the sound baffle. The weight of air to be vibrated by a singer’s voice (without a mike) is 35.5 tons.

 

 

 

 

The all-star cast travel all over the world winning the audience by dancing and singing. Their sincere admirers in more than 20 countries applaud to classical opera and ballet performances.

 

 

 

 

 

During recent ten years the company staged more than 50 new performances, and the actors were costumed in 15,000 pieces of new clothes, accessories, etc. The honoured opera singers and ballet dancers are desirable invited guests of the most renowned theatres through the world.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

River cruise with a banquet

 

 

 

 

 

The Ob River, one of the largest rivers in the world, is formed by the junction of the Biya and Katun Rivers in Altai Krai. The length of the Ob River is 3,650 km, its catchment area is 2,990,000 square km. In terms of this characteristic the Ob River takes the first place among all rivers in Russia. The river flows into the Kara Sea, creating in the estuary the Gulf of Ob (Obskaya Guba) which is more than 700 km long. The width of the river in the city can be up to 800-900 m.

 

 

 

 

There are three road bridges, two railway bridges and one metro bridge within the city limits of Novosibirsk.

 

 

 

 

The first railway bridge over the Ob River built in 1887 was the first large engineering structure of the Trans-Siberian Railway. This gave an impulse to the creation of a big settlement – future Novosibirsk. In the 90-s of the last century the bridge was reconstructed – for the first time in 100 years (the photo on the left).

 

 

 

 

The first road bridge over the Ob River was built in the late 40-s, soon after the end of the Second world war, and it connected the two parts of the city (the photo on the left). At that time the population of Novosibirsk was about 700,000 people. Until recently, the bridge was considered to be one of the largest in the country. Its length is 2,300 m and the length of its above-the-water part is 840 m.

 

 

 

 

A city sunset on the Ob River.

 

 

 

 

In 2014 the third road bridge over the Ob River was put into service. Its arch span above the axis of the fairway is 380 m long – the biggest in Russia (the photo on the left).